The Chola Dynasty
The Cholas had a profound impact on southern India. They built many Hindu temples, including Gangaikonda’s Cholapuram Temple of Gangaikonda. They also contributed to the development and appreciation of literature and art. Their rule resulted also in a high literacy rate, and many sculptural masterpieces. However, it’s unclear exactly how the Cholas came to control the area they did. Let’s take a look at some of the Chola culture’s earliest rulers to get an idea of their influence.
In addition to religious practices, the Cholas practiced caste. They established a caste system that included a hierarchy of economic and social status. The ruling class was predominantly ardent Saivite. In addition, Shiva was the preeminent god. His image was represented by Lingodhbhava and the Nataraja idol. Sanskritisation was first introduced during the Chola period. The Devadasi system was also popular in the society.
The Cholas faced difficulties during the Chola period. Both the Chalukyas as well as the Hoysalas rose in stature and challenged the Cholas’ authority to the north and west. Although they may have controlled the land around Urayur, the Cholas lost their dominance. This led to the rise of the Vijayalaya kingdom in the west. Around 1279, the Chola dynasty was destroyed.
The Cholas were a political and economic power in south and southwest Asia during the tenth and eleventh centuries BCE. Their territory stretched from the Maldives to Andhra Pradesh. Their most successful ruler, Rajaraja Chola I, conquered much of peninsular South India and the island of Sri Lanka. They sent diplomatic missions in Burma, Malaysia, China and Malaysia. Many parts of South and Southeast Asia were also under the control of Cholas.
The history of Tamil-speaking India has been greatly influenced by the Cholas. Their dynasty inspired many artists and writers, and popular literature has helped preserve Chola history. Ponniyin Sevan, a Tamil-language historical novel, tells the story of Rajaraja Chola. It consists of five volumes. It also addresses the succession issues following the death of Sundarachola.
The longest-ruling dynasty of world history was the Chola Dynasty. In Ashoka’s Maurya Empire inscriptions, there are the earliest known datable references to Cholas. The earliest capital of the Cholas was Uraiyur. The Cholas ruled the area for approximately a thousand years before Europeans arrived. They are the oldest ruling dynasty in history, and the Cholas’ rule over the area began in the mid-9th century BCE.